dedication

Lt. Col. Russ Dingle, USAF Reserves, retired

This effort for records corrections is dedicated to Lt. Col. Russ Dingle, USAF Reserves, retired, who passed away September 4, 2005 after a valiant fight with cancer. As an Air Force Officer and Fighter Pilot, Russ flew over 2,000 hours in the A-10 Thunderbolt II on active-duty, and served as an Instructor Pilot and a Flight Commander for the Connecticut Air National Guard, earning multiple awards as "Top Gun." Russ was selected to lead a flight of A-10's in the U.S. Air Force Gunsmoke competition in 1993, and support of the United Nation's peacekeeping mission over Bosnia in 1996. LtCol Dingle's career was uniquely distinguished by his noble advocacy for Soldier's Health Rights, testifying as an expert witness for the U.S. Congress in 1999, as well as serving as an expert for the Government Accountability Office and the Connecticut Attorney General's Office. Russ' exemplary career included over 16 years of service as a pilot and Captain for American Airlines in the Boeing 767, 737, and S-80. Russ will always be remembered as the intellectual force behind accountability efforts on the anthrax vaccine. His family, as well as his fellow citizens and soldiers, miss him dearly, but will eternally benefit from his life's accomplishments, courage, service, leadership, and most importantly, his honor.

Click LtCol Dingle's picture to view his testimony to Congress

Click LtCol Dingle's picture to view his testimony to Congress

Testimonies

image41

Major Russell E. Dingle testimony of March 1998

See footnote 83, testimony of Maj. Russell Dingle, NSVAIR anthrax hearing (I), p. 49.

https://www.congress.gov/106/crpt/hrpt556/CRPT-106hrpt556.pdf

See footnote 83...

"Others question the necessity of the program, asking whether it betrays a lack of confidence in deterrence and other force protection elements, and suggesting a vaccine program makes anthrax attack more, not less, likely."  83

Captain Thomas L. Rempfer testimony of March 1998

See footnote 83, Testimony of Capt. Thomas Rempfer, NSVAIR anthrax hearing (I), pp. 40–41.

https://www.congress.gov/106/crpt/hrpt556/CRPT-106hrpt556.pdf

See footnotes 119 - 121...

"But some service members see an important difference between the physical body armor worn in battle, which can be removed, and medical prophylaxis, which cannot. ‘‘The body armor that our Department of Defense refers to is perceived by many service members as ‘tin foil armor.’’’  119

"Primary reliance on medical intervention may also undermine confidence in other elements of the force protection hierarchy. One hearing witness asked if the vaccine might not ‘'create a facade of

force protection’’ provoking an adversary to even more lethal chem/bio or conventional attack.'" 120 

"He noted:  'These foundations of force protection rely on a credible willingness to use force. This resolve won the Cold War and it won the Gulf war. Abandoning this time tested doctrine and emphasizing the inevitability of biological attack to advocate a defensive anthrax vaccination policy may inadvertently result in legitimizing biological warfare.'"  121

Major Thomas L. Rempfer testimony of October 1999

House Government Reform Committee hearing on "Defense Vaccines: Force Protection or False Security?’’ October 12, 1999; Testimony begins at page 111 of 744 (also page 99 of PDF)...

https://www.congress.gov/106/crpt/hrpt1053/CRPT-106hrpt1053.pdf

"...I am here to discuss another reason for the growing retention problem generated by the anthrax vaccination policy: it is integrity, and its relationship to doctrine. After exhausting all avenues within my chain of command, and communicating with hundreds of service members over the past year, I have concluded that the root cause of the negative reaction to the anthrax vaccination policy is a sense that the professional standards demanded of military personnel have been consistently violated by those implementing this policy. It is not, as DOD officials assert, simply a failure to educate, but instead a failure to communicate the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth. Here are just a few examples:...

One team, two sides

Washington Post

image42

OpEd related to the internal military profession's conflict over duty and trust...


...As noted Harvard scholar Samuel Huntington observed, our professional standards justify disobedience when a military leader is ordered to take a measure that is militarily absurd. Those professional standards are spelled out in our honor code and oath of office.


So when a senior military leader recently said to me, "Perhaps if you don't trust the military anymore, you need to hang up your uniform," I didn't hesitate to respond, "With due respect, sir, my duty is to be a member of a military that is trustworthy."

LtCol Tom Rempfer, retired

image43

LtCol Tom "Buzz" Rempfer, USAF retired, ended his USAF career instructing and evaluating MQ-1 Predator and MQ-9 Reaper missions. Past US Air Force flying assignments included duty as an F-16 flight lead, F-117 instructor pilot, C-130 aircraft commander and A-10 forward air controller, with total flight time of over 5,500 hours. He earned a Master's Degree through the Naval Postgraduate School's Center for Homeland Defense and Security, and received the program's Outstanding Thesis Award. LtCol Rempfer was a distinguished graduate from USAF Pilot Training and the USAF Academy where he was an all-American boxer. 

Hartford Courant Cartoon

image44

This cartoon depicts trust issues, yet many Service-members continued to serve their nation, despite refusing the vaccine, highlighting the inequities imposed on other troops that were jailed, demoted, fined and discharged less than honorably.


The new Clemency guidance to our nation's military correction boards provides a unique opportunity for our troops to ask for redress, request corrections to their records for not only the fact that the anthrax vaccine mandate was illegal prior to December 19, 2005, but also based on the documented inequities where military justice was inequitably applied.

sue bailey

image45

Former Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs promoted the anthrax vaccine program in testimony to Congress, and now serves on the Board of Directors for the anthrax vaccine manufacturer.

Hon. William Cohen

image46

The Honorable William Cohen served as the Secretary of Defense (1997–2001) under President William Clinton. He launched the anthrax vaccine program in response to concerns about WMD in the middle-east. SecDef Cohen was misled about the legality of the program, as were all of our commanders and troops.

kathryn zoon

image47

Former FDA official defended the anthrax vaccine program in testimony to Congress, and now serves on the Board of Directors for the anthrax vaccine manufacturer.

Shades of Gray

The Monkees, lyrics embody ethical struggles faced by military members with the anthrax vaccine:


When the world and I were young...

It was easy then to tell right from wrong

Easy then to tell weak from strong

When a man should stand and fight

Or just go along

But today there is no day or night

Today there is no dark or light

Today there is no black or white

Only shades of gray

I remember when the answers seemed so clear

We had never lived with doubt or tasted fear

It was easy then to tell truth from lies...